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Diamond Measurements & Dimensions

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Getting a diamond with the right dimensions will ensure that you get a quality diamond that possesses the sparkle you’re looking for.

Diamond dimensions refer to properties like its depth, table, and length-to-width ratio.

We’ll review the different aspects of diamond proportion and diamond measurements so you won’t be disappointed with the stone you choose.

diamond dimensions

How Is Diamond Proportion Calculated?

The diamond proportion takes into account the size of the stone’s depth, table, and length-to-width ratio.

To get the depth, divide its height by its width.

To derive the table percentage, divide the width of the table (or the top surface) by the diameter.

Finally, calculate its length-to-width ratio by dividing the length of your stone by its width.

The recommended percentages and ratios differ based on your preferred cut. As an example, the popular round brilliant cut should ideally have a depth from 59% to 62.6%, a table between 54% and 57%, and a length-to-width ratio of 1.0 to 1.03.

A diamond’s proportion is important because it affects its sparkle and price. You want to get a diamond that has just the right proportion.

Factors Affecting Diamond Proportion

There are ten factors that affect diamond proportion:

  • Crown angle refers to the angle from the top of the girdle until the edge of its crown.
  • Crown height measures the top of the girdle to its table.
  • Culet is the size of the diamond’s bottom tip.
  • Girdle thickness considers the girdle’s height.
  • Lower girdle length refers to the space that begins from the culet to where the facet meets the girdle.
  • Pavilion angle measures the angle of a stone’s pavilion from the pavilion to the bottom of the girdle.
  • Pavilion depth is the measurement from the bottom of the girdle to the culet.
  • Star length is the percentage of the distance between the girdle and table.
  • Table size considers the width and length of the table.
  • Total depth is the distance from the culet to the table.

Ideal Cut Diamond Dimensions

As mentioned, the ideal diamond dimensions will depend on the cut of your choice. Here are the measurements to look for based on different diamond engagement rings cuts.

Cut/ShapeDepth (%)Table (%)Length to Width Ratio
Round brilliant59 – 62.654 – 571.0 – 1.03
Princess68 – 7469 – 751.0 – 1.04
Cushion61 – 6868 and below

1.0 – 1.08 if square

1.15 – 1.25 if rectangle

Emerald61 – 6861 – 691.30 – 1.45
Asscher61 – 6861 – 691.0 – 1.05
Oval63 and below53 – 591.30 – 1.50
Pear68 and below531.45 – 1.75
Radiant67 and below61 – 69

1.00 – 1.95 if square

1.20 – 1.50 if rectangle

Heart56 – 6656 – 621.0
Marquise58 – 6253 – 631.85 – 2.1

Diamond  Measurement Chart

Diamonds are often referred to by their carats, however, this doesn’t always provide a clear idea of how big they’ll look when worn. To make this easier, jewelers use a diamond measurement chart like the one below.

This table provides measurements in millimeters for round brilliant cut diamonds.

CaratSize in MillimetersCaratSize in MillimetersCaratSize in Millimeters
0.00250.80.143.250.846
0.0051.00.173.500.936.25
0.00671.10.213.751.006.5
0.0091.20.2541.256.8
0.011.25 – 1.30.284.251.307
0.0151.50.364.51.507.3
0.021.750.444.751.67

7.5

0.0251.80.505.01.757.75
0.0320.565.252.008
0.062.20.665.52.118.25
0.082.750.755.752.438.5

Why Buy at Othergems?

Othergems manufactures and supplies lab-grown and natural diamonds. We have been in business for over 30 years and are a trusted retailer of  engagement rings, diamond bands, and other fine jewelry.

We can also help you find the diamond with your preferred dimensions, cut, clarity, shape, and color. You can create your own design and we will make your dream jewelry a reality.

FAQs

How do you get diamond dimensions?

A diamond’s dimensions consider the size of the stone’s depth, table, and length-to-width ratio. Other factors that affect its dimensions include the crown angle, culet, pavilion depth, and table size. For a full list, refer to the section entitled “Factors Affecting Diamond Proportion.”

How are diamonds measured and sold?

Diamonds are measured by size and carat. The size refers to how big the diamond’s table is and the carat refers to its weight. The larger the carat, the heavier the size, and the more expensive the diamond.

What is “cent” in diamond?

A cent is another term of measurement used to describe diamond weight. 100 cents make up one carat.

What is 7mm in carats?

Seven millimeters is equivalent to approximately 1.3 carats although there will be minute differences depending on the type of cut.

How can you tell carat size?

You can determine carat by weighing the diamond. A carat is equivalent to 0.2 grams.

How many mm is 5 carats?

A 5-carat diamond is around 5.2 millimeters. This may vary based on the cut.

What is a good proportion of a diamond?

The ideal proportions will depend on the cut you want. Each cut has different recommended proportions.

What do the proportions of a diamond mean?

A diamond’s proportion refers to its size, shape, and angle of its facets. It’s an important aspect because it determines how much light reflects off the diamond, allowing it to give an impressive sparkle.

Arya Ring – 1.20 Carat Pear Shaped Diamond Engagement Ring with Pave and Hidden Halo

$5,300.00$5,600.00

Ava Ring – 1.29 Carat Heart Shape Diamond Ring ,14K White Gold With Pave Ring

$6,400.00

Brandy Ring – 1.50 Carat Pear Shaped Lab Grown Diamond Engagement Ring with Pave and Hidden Halo

$4,600.00$5,000.00

Brielle Ring – 4.80 Carat Pear Shaped Diamond Engagement Ring

$40,700.00$41,000.00

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Diamond Color Chart

Color is one of the four important factors that determine the value and quality of a diamond (carat, color, clarity and cut grade). The colors range from D which is colorless, all the way through Z which is a light yellow or brown. The more colorless a diamond is, the more it is rare and expensive.

D, E, F

COLORLESS

G, H

NEAR COLORLESS

I, J

NEAR COLORLESS SLIGHTLY TINTED

K-M

FAINT YELLOW

N-R

VERY LIGHT YELLOW

S-Z

LIGHT YELLOW

FANCY

YELLOW

Diamond Clarity Chart

Clarity is one of the four important factors that determine the value and quality of a diamond (carat, color, clarity and cut grade). Almost every diamond has inclusions in it, and that’s what makes it unique. The shape, placement and amount of inclusions determine the clarity of a diamond. The highest level of clarity is FL and the lowest is I3.

GRADE & CATEGORY

FL

FLAWLESS

IF

INTERNALLY FLAWLESS

VVS1, VVS2

VERY VERY SLIGHTLY INCLUDED

VS1, VS2

VERY SLIGHTLY INCLUDED

SI1 & SI2,SI3

SLIGHTLY INCLUDED

I1,I2& I3

INCLUDED

Ring size guide

Still unsure? Check out our Ring Size Guide

We stand behind every jewelry we sell. We are aware of the challenges of shopping online, and customer satisfaction is our top priority.

 

Therefore, if for some reason you are not a 100 percent satisfied with your jewelry, you can return it free of charge within 30 days of arrival for a full refund or exchange. This does not include custom-made orders.

 

Refunds will be credited to the original form of payment you made. 

 

If you wish to make an exchange or return after this time frame, it will be at the discretion of the company.

 

Free cancellation within 2 hours of the time of purchase.